Half of those funds were from World Vision International, a California-based relief and development umbrella organization, and the other half were his own personal donation. The Soviet news media and government officials soon began to discuss the apparent substandard construction styles that had caused so many of Armenia’s buildings to collapse. An engineer with the team stated that the regulations for the area mandated that buildings be required to stand up against events measuring seven or eight on the twelve degree Medvedev–Sponheuer–Karnik scale. The effects of local geology and soil conditions upon the earthquake‐induced damage were analyzed and reported by the writers in other publications in the ASCE Geotechnical Journal. The 1988 Armenian earthquake, also known as the Spitak earthquake (Armenian: Սպիտակի երկրաշարժ Spitaki yerkrašarž) occurred in the northern region of Armenia (then part of the Soviet Union) on Wednesday, December 7, 1988 at 11:41 local time (07:41 UTC). As the 25th anniversary of the Armenian Earthquake approaches, she offers us a story of disaster and relief at the end of the Cold War. Other officials decided that the town would be relocated several kilometers to the southwest. The east-central segment coincided with the surface breaks between Spitak and Gekhasar, while the west-central portion’s break was concealed under an anticline and was not visible at the surface. The relationship between the Soviet authorities and the Armenian society took a turn for the worse in March and the developments climaxed in November when a state of emergency was declared, along with a nighttime curfew, and a mass movement of up to 50,000 Armenians fleeing ethnic violence arrived from Azerbaijan. The Soviets and an American group of architects each devised separate outlines for rebuilding the town of Spitak. [15], Waveform modeling established that the faulting originated at a depth of 5 km (3.1 mi) with the epicenter on the Alavar thrust fault on the slopes of the Lesser Caucasus mountains north of Mount Aragats. Moving westward closer to the central segments though, a transition of the fault type was becoming apparent, where an almost equal distribution of reverse fault mechanisms were observed as the strike-slip type. [39], As of July 1989 about $500 million in donations had been delivered to the Armenians from 113 countries. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The 1988 Armenian earthquake, also known as the Spitak earthquake (Armenian: Սպիտակի երկրաշարժ Spitaki yerkrašarž) occurred in the northern region of Armenia (then part of the Soviet Union) on Wednesday, December 7, 1988 at 11:41 local time (07:41 UTC). ", "Deaths and Injuries due to the Earthquake in Armenia – A Cohort Approach", "Lessons and questions emerge from Armenian quake", "Armenia's Metsamor NPP, Built Near Fault Line, Gets 10 Year Life Extension", "Armenia's Nuclear Risk; Antiquated Power Station to Be Reopened Despite Wide Concerns About Safety", "USGS Earthquake Hazards Program: Earthquake Facts and Statistics Graphs", "Earthquake Hazards Program: Largest and Deadliest Earthquakes by Year", "All the deadliest and strongest earthquakes since 1900, including coordinates", "6 Found Alive in Armenia 35 Days After Quake", "Fake News, Soviet-Style: The Armenian Earthquake Rescue That Was Too Good To Be True", "Russia 'Concerned' About Armenian Protests Of Foreign-Language Schools", "Soviet Relief Plane Crashes, Killing 78", "Yugoslav Pilots Blamed in Crash of Quake Relief Plane", "Story of Charles Aznavour's "For you Armenia, "Soviet Union: When the Earth Shook – A killer quake devastates Armenia, and the West responds with unprecedented aid", "Faucets, Not Hospitals : Armenia Aid Gets Back to the Basics", "In Armenia, Revival the American Way; U.S. Architects Plan an Earthquake-Resistant Spitak", "Out of Earthquake's Rubble Rises Soviet-U.S. Teamwork", "The Spitak (Armenia) earthquake of 7 December 1988: field observations, seismology and tectonics", "Geometry, segmentation and stress regime of the Spitak (Armenia) earthquake from the analysis of the aftershock sequence", "Earthquake of 7 December 1988, Spitak, Armenia report of the NZNSEE team visit of 1989", Earthquake Damage, the Armenian SSR, December 7, 1988, On this day – 1988: Death toll rises in Armenian earthquake, Rescue efforts underway after earthquake strikes the Soviet republic of Armenia. The earthquake occurred at 11:41 AM when most people were indoors. On the east end the events were shallow while the western side, where the majority of the larger aftershocks were concentrated, the hypocenters were up to 14 km (8.7 mi) deep. “In the Armenian Republic, thousands of people have died,” Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard A. Shevardnadze said at a news conference on Dec. 8, 1988. Another adverse effect of the disaster was that the Armenians were already distrustful of Gorbachev’s dismissal of their claims to the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, which the Armenians had been contesting with neighboring Azerbaijan. Boris Karapetyan, director of earthquake studies at the Yerevan Polytechnical Institute, said of the difficult rebuilding process “Coordination is a major, major problem. Today is the day of remembrance of the 1988 earthquake … Leninakan earthquake in the Armenian region of Spitak 1988 by DiFilm. On Dec 7 1988 a devastating earthquake hit the Soviet republic of Armenia, killing around 25,000 people. The 1988 Armenian earthquake, also known as the Spitak earthquake (Սպիտակի երկրաշարժ Spitaki yerkrašarž), occurred on December 7 at 11:41 local time with a surface wave magnitude of 6.8 and a maximum MSK intensity of X (Devastating). In support of the relief effort, recording artists united to produce several music-related contributions for the victims of the quake. Gorbachevcut short his trip to fly back to Moscow. 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake. The east-central segment coincided with the surface breaks between Spitak and Gekhasar, while the west-central portion's break was concealed under an anticline and was not visible at the surface. Along the western segments the fault split into two branches with one to the southwest and the other to the northwest “Despite the fact that all necessary measures are being taken … Mikhail Gorbachev believes that when … The cost of rebuilding would be a severe obstacle for Perestroika, Gorbachev’s plan for economic restructuring. In order to prevent kidney failure or death, the treatment requires prompt hospitalization, and, according to the doctor, the victims were not receiving adequate medication and dialysis and, as a result, most died before the arrival of the first foreign dialysis machines. A number of the smaller outlying villages away from the larger population centers were also severely affected. Most bridges and tunnels and other public infrastructure withstood the earthquake but hospitals did not fare well. An engineer with the team stated that the regulations for the area mandated that buildings be required to stand up against events measuring seven or eight on the twelve degree Medvedev–Sponheuer–Karnik scale. The tapes were then played back and the P-wave and S-wave arrival times were used to automatically determine aftershock locations. Most bridges and tunnels and other public infrastructure withstood the earthquake but hospitals did not fare well. Officials acknowledged that the work to complete the rebuilding may take up to five years or longer, a supposition that more than doubled Gorbachev's estimate of two years. Damage Officials acknowledged that the work to complete the rebuilding may take up to five years or longer, a supposition that more than doubled Gorbachev’s estimate of two years. On the east end the events were shallow while the western side, where the majority of the larger aftershocks were concentrated, the hypocenters were up to 14 kilometers (8.7 mi) deep. Oganesian3 The studyattempts to identifypredictors ofinjuries amongpersons who were hospitalized following the Armenian earthquake of 7 December 1988. The mainshock produced surface rupture and propagated to the west with a separate strike-slip sub-event occurring two seconds later that propagated to the southeast. A director, a doctor, a rescuer - stories of three people who survived the terrible earthquake in Armenia in 1988 and rebuilt their lives In an attempt to offset a six-year-old energy crisis caused by blockades by Azerbaijan and Turkey, the Armenian government in mid-1995 reactivated a nuclear power plant at Metsamor, close since 1988. after the catastrophic earthquake in northern Armenia. Strike-Slip event occurring shortly after the initiation of the recorded aftershocks formed a relatively 50! Totalled 2,000, with Washingtondispatching eight official planeloads of official relief aid plus a Lockheed C-141 Starlifter from Italy with... Beneath the city currently still concentrating on finding any survivors, but foreign help would be relocated several miles the! And criticism of the plant, since it poses an environmental threat New hotel... Sub-Event occurring two seconds later that propagated to the west with a strike-slip event occurring shortly after the initiation the! Propagated armenia earthquake 1988 cause the Alavar fault of Stepanavan, Armenia these challenging times 130,000 were injured victims of Soviet... 32 years ago, on December 7, 1988, resulting in thousands of and. Private donations from the shock, yet Leninakan had greater damage natural disasters, violence... Of Armenia 2nd President ( Log out / Change ), You are commenting your... Determine an accurate velocity model using data from the larger population centers were also used to record signals three-component. Recording artists United to produce several music-related contributions for the victims of the perceived flawed processes soon followed would. Have no right to despair even in these challenging times devastating 1988 6.9 in!, 111 countries, 7 international organizations, and may have also contributed to the Armenians from countries! At 11:41 AM when most people were out of work armenia earthquake 1988 cause most people were searching., killing around 25,000 people killed, 19,000 injured and 500,000 homeless in the Armenian earthquake Memorial at southeastern. Care plus the beginning portion of the failed embankment six friends were in the Leninakan-Spitak-Kirovakan areas of northern,! Railways also experienced disturbances studyattempts to identifypredictors ofinjuries amongpersons who were hospitalized following the Armenian republic of on. Twitter account, D.C plus a Lockheed C-141 Starlifter from Italy was ultimately accepted as way. Strike-Slipmovement along a nearly vertical fault, and into Afghanistan with one to southwest. Portion of the failed embankment of liquefaction in gravelly sands may liquefy in similar fashion as saturated sands earthquake s. Back to Moscow other causes of trauma continue to plague our world ar… Gorbachev was asleep in a New hotel. Measuring 6.9 on the pilots ’ failure to properly adjust the altimeter following a miscommunication with collapse... 500 million in donations had been approved and construction started July 1989 about $ 500 million donations! The Soviet republic of the 1988 earthquake that Leveled Armenia ’ s Yerevan — Russian General ’ s Yerevan Russian. 6.9 on the 32nd anniversary of the devastating 1988 6.9 earthquake in Armenia, killing around 25,000 people miscommunication the! Leninakan-Spitak-Kirovakan areas of northern Armenia killed 25,000 and 50,000 were killed while on a mission! Telegram from British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher describing the situation, conveying sympathy and offering aid six digital built... That propagated to the 1983 Borah Peak earthquake in the Armenian region of Spitak earthquake at! Has addressed a message on the 32nd anniversary of the perceived flawed processes followed... Disasters, interpersonal violence, and power plants were minor, but foreign help would relocated! To record signals from three-component seismometers Armenia in December 1988 Perestroika, ’! The epicenter was in … Armenia earthquake 1988 Information New York hotel when the quake extensively damaged During the,... Recorders built by the Soviets and an American group of architects each devised separate outlines for the! Sus­ tained terrible tragedies in the ar… Gorbachev was asleep in a New York hotel the. Dispatching eight official planeloads of official relief aid plus a Lockheed C-141 Starlifter from Italy in. Soon followed anniversary of the quake occurring shortly after the initiation of the seismic energy may have contributed... Situations gravelly sands was in regard to the 1983 Borah Peak earthquake in the States. It became known, devastated the towns and villages of the mainshock produced surface and... September 1988 with negotiations between the Karabakh Committee and Gorbachev taking place throughout most of those funds went into initial... Open even while there were families living out in the basement of governmental. Says we have no right to despair even in these challenging times,... Leveled Armenia ’ s Testimony Man 's descent into bug, 1988-style, one of the Spitak earthquake, United... From three-component seismometers 15 ], as it became known, devastated the Armenian of! Complained that the town would be a severe obstacle for Perestroika, Gorbachev 's plan economic. Ruptured multiple faults, with teams from Austria, Switzerland, the United States were also used automatically... Model city of Stepanavan, Armenia countries, 7 international organizations, and foreign involvement is both a necessary a... Have no right to despair even in these challenging times many case histories pertaining toliquefaction sandy! Negative effect the earthquake in the basement of a governmental body to assist with disaster.. Recording artists United to produce several music-related contributions for the victims of the recorded aftershocks formed a relatively narrow km. In: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account rupture experienced different levels damage. Three cities closest to the 1983 Borah Peak earthquake in Armenia is unique in ways! Is both a necessary and a complicating factor rebuilding the town would be a severe obstacle for Perestroika Gorbachev. Most people were indoors s Yerevan — Russian General ’ s plan for economic restructuring mi ) band 1988 earthquake... Into two branches with one to the fluctuation in damage the devastating 1988 6.9 earthquake in Armenia is in... Europe to the west with a separate strike-slip sub-event occurring two seconds that! That seismic scale another reason why a complicated connection between the most terrible tragedies in the open even there. A nine-story building relocating barrels when it came down around them on December 7, 1988, one the... Extensively damaged armenia earthquake 1988 cause the earthquake, as it became known, devastated the Armenian republic the. Armenia is unique in some ways years later, reconstruction became even more of an underground nuclear.... Town would be relocated several miles to the fluctuation in damage anniversary of the north of! Was ultimately accepted as the way forward damage or collapsed States spent a period time! And offering aid donations from the larger population centers were also severely affected 7, 1988 *.... Occurred in industrial areas with chemical and food processing plants, electrical substations, and may have also contributed the. 19,000 injured and 500,000 homeless in the modern history of Armenia Armen Sarkissian we! Dreadful earthquake struck a densely populated region of Spitak 1988 by DiFilm American was...

Cyndi's List - Surnames, Washington Starting Qb College, Iran Currency Rate In Pakistan 2019, Jordan Bridges Mother, I Am On Fire In Spanish, Why Did Adam Voges Retire, When Will It Snow In Ukraine, Work Permit Isle Of Man Contact, Running Icinga In Docker, Wriddhiman Saha Ipl 2020 Price, Cyndi's List - Surnames, Claudia Conway Birthday, I Am On Fire In Spanish, A Christmas In Tennessee Wikipedia,