[160] Notable Catholic sites include the St. Ignatius Cathedral in Xujiahui—the largest Catholic church in the city,[161] the St. Francis Xavier Church, and the She Shan Basilica. Thursday 4th February Saudi International. More than 10,000 shops and hundreds of factories and public buildings[47] were destroyed, leaving Zhabei district ruined. The national weather service for Shanghai, China is reporting Monday 8 th … [162] Other forms of Christianity in Shanghai include Eastern Orthodox minorities and, since 1996, registered Christian Protestant churches. In 2017, the number of domestic tourists increased by 7.5% to 318 million, while the number of overseas tourists increased by 2.2% to 8.73 million. [35] In 1863, the British settlement to the south of Suzhou Creek (northern Huangpu District) and the American settlement to the north (southern Hongkou District) joined in order to form the Shanghai International Settlement. [272] After the New Culture Movement, drama became a popular way for students and intellectuals to express their views. The $4.4 billion theme park and resort in Pudong features a castle that is the biggest among Disney's resorts. Danielson, Eric N., Shanghai and the Yangtze Delta, 2004, pp.10–11. Authorities pulled nearly one-third of government vehicles from the roads, while much construction work was halted. Shanghai is located on an alluvial plain. December avg precip: 0.1″/0.3cm; The weather during December is Santiago is pretty much perfect, with warm days and nights cool enough so that anyone can sleep without needing air conditioning. [302], Air pollution in Shanghai is not as severe as in many other Chinese cities, but is still considered substantial by world standards. [54], As the industrial center of China with the most skilled industrial workers, Shanghai became a center for radical leftism during the 1950s and 1960s. [70] His most notable Art Deco buildings include the Park Hotel, the Grand Cinema, and the Paramount. [24] Fishermen living in the Shanghai area then created a fish tool called the hù, which lent its name to the outlet of Suzhou Creek north of the Old City and became a common nickname and abbreviation for the city. The base fare is CN¥18 (US$2.55) between 11:00 pm and 5:00 am. Aspirations and reality, and implications for Hong Kong", All About Shanghai. [30], In the 19th century, international attention to Shanghai grew due to European recognition of its economic and trade potential at the Yangtze. Shanghai, the mainland’s commercial and financial capital, riding high on the success of Tesla’s Gigafactory 3, is on the lookout for more foreign direct investment (FDI) projects to achieve ambitious growth and employment targets the city has set this year. Danielson, Eric N., Shanghai and the Yangzi Delta, 2004, p.10. Because of its location on the Yangtze River, Shanghai receives rain one-third of the year. The thing is, these are averages. (Shanghai, China : 1939–1940. Modern Asian Studies, Vol.13, No.2. As of 2019[update], there are 17 metro lines (excluding the Shanghai maglev train and Jinshan Railway), 415 stations, and 704.91 km (438 mi) of lines in operation, making it the longest network in the world. [110][111] The city is a global center for finance and innovation,[112][113] and a national center for commerce, trade, and transportation,[114] with the world's busiest container port—the Port of Shanghai. [164], Shanghai has several folk religious temples, including the City God Temple at the heart of the Old City, the Dajing Ge Pavilion dedicated to the Three Kingdoms general Guan Yu, the Confucian Temple of Shanghai, and a major Taoist center Shanghai White Cloud Temple [zh] where the Shanghai Taoist Association locates. [290], On 21 September 2017, Shanghai hosted a National Hockey League (NHL) ice hockey exhibition game in an effort to increase fan interest for the 2017–18 NHL season.[291]. [288], Shanghai is the host of several international sports events. About 18,000 civilians were either killed, injured, or declared missing. Shanghai is also known for its sugary cuisine, distinctive dialect and vibrant international flair. ", "Stopping the local dialect becoming derelict", "Nature Index's top five science cities, by the numbers", "Top 10 institutions in Shanghai_Nature Index 2020 Science Cities", "US News Best Global Universities in Shanghai", "Shanghai 211 Project Universities | Study in China | CUCAS", "Business school rankings from the Financial Times", "Executive MBA in Shanghai | WashU Olin Business School", "Program offers global degrees – Chinadaily.com.cn", "ShanghaiTech Aims To Raise The Bar For Higher Education In China", "In PISA Test, Top Scores From Shanghai Stun Experts", "How we can make super-fast hyperloop travel a reality", "Ofo, Mobike, BlueGogo: China's Messy Bikeshare Market", "zh:共享单车最新调查 上海共享单车一年时间缩水一大半,"共享经济"是伪命题吗?", "New satellite terminals to propel Shanghai's ascent", "Preliminary world airport traffic rankings released", "Shanghai overtakes S'pore as world's busiest port", Maritime Shipping and Export Trade on “Maritime Silk Road”, "The key ingredients of Shanghai culture", "Shanghai releases blueprint for becoming global cosmopolis by 2035", "Setting His Tale Of Love Found In a City Long Lost", "Aminaka Wilmont to show in Shanghai (Vogue.com UK)", "Photos of Shanghai Fashion Week – Scene Asia – Scene Asia – WSJ", "Chinese great Yao Ming retires from basketball", "Wang Liqin others also retire from the nat", "Kings defeat Canucks in shootout to sweep China Games", "Stroll into history along a street full of delights", "A Polish 'Nationalist' Whose Music Also Resonates Across China", "The Walt Disney Company Reaches Another Major Milestone on Shanghai Theme Park Project", "Shanghai Disney Resort Hosts a Spectacular First Anniversary Celebration", "Shanghai Warns Children to Stay Indoors on Haze, PM2.5 Surge", "Flights delayed as air pollution hits record in Shanghai", "Shanghai grinds to a halt as smog nears top of air pollution scale", "Shanghai's Suzhou Creek cleans up its act", "Environmental Protection in China's Wealthiest City", "Shanghai Businesses to Comply with New Waste Management Norms from July 1", "Gelbe Post : ostasiatische Halbmonatsschrift. [159] The Apostolic Vicariate of Shanghai was erected in 1933, and was further elevated to the Diocese of Shanghai in 1946. The April session is also part of the one-month Shanghai International Fashion Culture Festival. Shanghai averages at 15°C (59°F) and 22°C (72°F) low and high respectively. This is obviously part of high season in Santiago, although the first half of the month won't be as crowded or expensive as the second half. [204] Bus fares generally cost CN¥2 (US$0.32). Other major commercial areas include Xintiandi and Huaihai Road[g] in Huangpu District, and Xujiahui[h] in Xuhui District. The plan included a public museum, library, sports stadium, and city hall, which were partially constructed before being interrupted by the Japanese invasion. Many national expressways (prefixed with the letter G) pass through or end in Shanghai, including Jinghu Expressway (overlaps with Hurong Expressway), Shenhai Expressway, Hushaan Expressway, Huyu Expressway, Hukun Expressway (overlaps with Hangzhou Bay Ring Expressway), and Shanghai Ring Expressway. In July 1921, the Communist Party of China was founded in the French Concession. Averages are for Shanghai Hongqiao Airport, which is 9 miles from Shanghai. Beijing has an average low temperature of 7°C (45°F) and an average high temperature of 19°C (66°F). [242] As such, Shanghai has several museums of regional and national importance. [10] The base fare for taxis is CN¥14 (US$2.24), which covers the first 3 km (2 mi) and includes a CN¥1 (US$0.14) fuel surcharge. [253] Both Benbang and Haipai cuisine make use of a variety of seafood, including freshwater fish, shrimps, and crabs. [145], As of 2019[update], Shanghai had a total population of 24,281,400, including 14,504,300 (59.7%) hukou holders (registered locally). [254], The Songjiang School (淞江派), containing the Huating School (华亭派) founded by Gu Zhengyi,[255] was a small painting school in Shanghai during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. [226] Pudong International Airport is the primary international airport, while Hongqiao International Airport mainly operates domestic flights with limited short-haul international flights. However, on some main roads, including all expressways, bicycles and motorcycles are banned. [46], The Bund in the late 1920s seen from the French Concession, Nanking Road (modern-day East Nanjing Road) in the 1930s, Shanghai Park Hotel was the tallest building in Asia for decades, The HSBC Building built in 1923 and the Customs House built in 1927, On 28 January 1932, Japanese forces invaded Shanghai while the Chinese resisted. Shanghai is a global center for finance, research, technology, manufacturing, and transportation, and the Port of Shanghai is the world's busiest container port. In 1964, the city's administrative divisions were rearranged to 10 urban districts and 10 counties. The north and northeast are cool and dry. cSeparate state-planning cities. [42] During the ensuing decades, citizens of many countries and all continents came to Shanghai to live and work; those who stayed for long periods⁠⁠—some for generations⁠—called themselves "Shanghailanders". [294] Built in 1914 as Jessfield Park, it once contained the campus of St. John's University, Shanghai's first international college; today, the park features sakura and peony gardens and a 150-year-old platanus,[295] and it also serves as an interchange hub in the metro system. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. [157] As of 2014[update], Buddhism in Shanghai had 114 temples, 1,182 clergical staff, and 453,300 registered followers. The following December, the land area of Shanghai was further expanded to 5,910 km2 (2,281.9 sq mi) after more surrounding suburban areas in Jiangsu were added: Chongming, Jinshan, Qingpu, Fengxian, Chuansha, and Nanhui. [9] The city's few hills, such as She Shan, lie to the southwest, and its highest point is the peak of Dajinshan Island (103 m or 338 ft) in Hangzhou Bay. [109], Shanghai has been described as the "showpiece" of the booming economy of China. Shanghai is an international center of research and development and is ranked 5th globally and 2nd in the whole Asia and the Pacific (after Beijing) by scientific research, as tracked by the Nature Index. [64], The most pleasant seasons are generally spring, although changeable and often rainy, and autumn, which is usually sunny and dry. (2017). [296], One of Shanghai's newer parks is the Xujiahui Park, which was built in 1999, on the former grounds of the Great Chinese Rubber Works Factory and the EMI Recording Studio (now La Villa Rouge restaurant). [246] The Shanghai Natural History Museum and the Shanghai Science and Technology Museum are notable natural history and science museums. Shanghai is a major hub of China's expressway network. Cultural curation in Shanghai has seen significant growth since 2013, with several new museums having been opened in the city. "The East Bank", or "East of the River Pu"), the newer part of urban and suburban Shanghai on the east bank of the Huangpu River, is governed by Pudong New Area (浦东新区). In April 2014, The Banker reported that Shanghai "has attracted the highest volumes of financial sector foreign direct investment in the Asia-Pacific region in the 12 months to the end of January 2014". SHANGHAI, Jan 11 (SMM) — Nonferrous metals on both SHFE and LME declined across the board on Monday morning. [16] Shanghai-based sports teams and newspapers often use Shen in their names, such as Shanghai Shenhua F.C. "The West Bank", or "West of the River Pu"), the older part of urban Shanghai on the west bank of the Huangpu River. Saudi International. [10] On 8 March 2019, it set the city's daily metro ridership record with 13.3 million. [205], As of 2019[update], a total of 40,000 taxis were in operation in Shanghai. [25], During the Tang and Song dynasties, Qinglong Town (青龙镇[d]) in modern Qingpu District was a major trading port. [20], The city has various nicknames in English, including "Pearl of the Orient" and "Paris of the East". aDirect-administered Municipalities. [99] The only exception is Chen Liangyu, who was fired in 2006 and later convicted of corruption. [29] A City God Temple was built in 1602 during the Wanli reign. As of 2015[update], these county-level divisions are further divided into the following 210 township-level divisions: 109 towns, 2 townships, and 99 subdistricts. [223][224], Shanghai is one of the largest air transportation hubs in Asia. Shanghai is one of the four municipalities under the direct administration of the Government of the People's Republic of China,[103] and is divided into 16 county-level districts. The house is similar to western-style terrace houses or townhouses, but distinguishes by the tall, heavy brick wall and archway in front of each house. Those are in turn divided into the following village-level divisions: 3,661 neighborhood committees and 1,704 village committees. China’s stainless steel futures jumped to a three-week high on Wednesday, extending a rally fuelled by brisk demand coupled with low inventory and a … In the early 20th century, monologue and burlesque in Shanghainese appeared, absorbing elements from traditional dramas. [101] However, Xi Jinping, successor to Hu Jintao as General Secretary and President, was largely an independent leader and took anti-corruption campaigns on both factions.[102]. [310] The effect of the policy was significant. At the time, it was mainly performed in English. Each year, there are an average of 6.2 days with snowfall and 2.8 days with snow cover. Japan built the first factories in Shanghai, which was soon copied by other foreign powers. [80] Among the most prominent examples are the 421 m (1,381 ft) high Jin Mao Tower, the 492 m (1,614 ft) high Shanghai World Financial Center, and the 632 m (2,073 ft) high Shanghai Tower, which is the tallest building in China and the second tallest in the world. People enjoy the view of Lujiazui at the Bund in east China's Shanghai, Aug. 2, 2019. 2 High School Attached to East China Normal University, High School Affiliated to Fudan University, High School Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, bridge–tunnel complex across Yangtze River, Along the River During the Qingming Festival, Museum of the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, Former Site of Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly, Shanghai International Fashion Culture Festival, List of twin towns and sister cities in China, List of economic and technological development zones in Shanghai, Shanghai International Football Tournament, Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers, "The Shanghainese of 6000 Years Ago – the Majiabang Culture", Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Ministry Of Commerce of the People's Republic of China, "A tale of megacities: China's largest metropolises", National Academy for Educational Research, Ministry of State Security of the People's Republic of China, The Life and Campaigns of Hugh, First Viscount Gough, Field-Marshal, The Middle Kingdom: A Survey of the Geography, Government, Literature, Social Life, Arts, and History of the Chinese Empire and its Inhabitants, "Shanghai: Global financial center? [60] Summers are hot and humid, and occasional downpours or freak thunderstorms can be expected. SHANGHAI, Feb. 1, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- Trial operations officially commenced for the Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone T1 Demonstration Line in the Lin-gang New Area. The Shanghai-based SAIC Motor is one of the three largest automotive corporations in China, and has strategic partnerships with Volkswagen and General Motors. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Yan Jin. [139][140], Shanghai is home to China (Shanghai) Pilot Free-Trade Zone, the first free-trade zone in mainland China. In 2011, Luwan District merged with Huangpu District. Sugar is an important ingredient in Benbang cuisine, especially when used in combination with soy sauce. Along Shanghai's eastern shore, the destruction of local wetlands due to the construction of Pudong International Airport has been partially offset by the protection and expansion of a nearby shoal, Jiuduansha, as a nature preserve. The expressway network within the city center consists of North–South Elevated Road, Yan'an Elevated Road, and Inner Ring Road. [305] Levels of PM2.5 in Putuo District reached 726 micrograms per cubic meter. [33][40] This new Chinese municipality covered an area of 494.69 km2 (191.0 sq mi), including the modern-day districts of Baoshan, Yangpu, Zhabei, Nanshi, and Pudong, but excluded the foreign concessions territories. pp.197–216. The humidity hovers between 72 and 82 percent year-round. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia as part of it. Featuring several architecture styles such as Art Deco and shikumen, the city is renowned for its Lujiazui skyline, museums and historic buildings—including the City God Temple, Yu Garden, the China Pavilion and buildings along the Bund. Singapore experiences no distinct seasons, the way visitors from temperate regions understand them. [309] On 12 February 2014, China's cabinet announced that a CN¥10 billion (US$1.7 billion) fund will be set up to help companies meet the new environmental standards. The land is formed by the Yangtze's natural deposition and modern land reclamation projects. As of April 2020[update], Shanghai is twinned with the following regions, cities, and counties:[323], As of September 2020, Shanghai hosts 71 consulates general and 5 consulates, excluding Hong Kong and Macao trade office.[325]. The Bund has been revitalized several times. Many universities in Shanghai are located in residential areas in Yangpu District and Putuo District. Many areas in the former foreign concessions are also well-preserved, the most notable being the French Concession. Since Jiang Zemin became the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China in June 1989, all former Shanghai party secretaries but one were elevated to the Politburo Standing Committee, the de facto highest decision-making body in China,[88] including Jiang himself (Party General Secretary),[92] Zhu Rongji (Premier),[93] Wu Bangguo (Chairman of the National People's Congress),[94] Huang Ju (Vice Premier),[95] Xi Jinping (current General Secretary),[96] Yu Zhengsheng,[97] and Han Zheng. [57] Its importance to the fiscal well-being of the central government also denied it from economic liberalizations begun in 1978. Beijing: The City of Shanghai has imposed lockdowns on two of China’s best-known hospitals after they were linked to new coronavirus cases. Shanghai has four major railway stations: Shanghai railway station, Shanghai South railway station, Shanghai West railway station, and Shanghai Hongqiao railway station. The city has several major institutes of theater training, including the Shanghai Conservatory of Music, the Shanghai Dramatic Arts Centre, the Shanghai Opera House, and the Shanghai Theatre Academy. Wuyue culture's influence is manifested in Shanghainese language—which comprises dialectal elements from nearby Jiaxing, Suzhou, and Ningbo—and Shanghai cuisine, which was influenced by Jiangsu cuisine and Zhejiang cuisine. By the end of 2019, Shanghai had 64 universities and colleges, 929 secondary schools, 698 primary schools, and 31 special schools. The Great World opened in 1912 and was a significant stage at the time. [21][22], The western part of modern-day Shanghai was inhabited 6000 years ago. The city was one of five treaty ports forced open to foreign trade after the First Opium War. Weather by month, temperatures and climate table in December for New York New York: Climatic table and weather throughout the year. [52] Most foreign firms moved their offices from Shanghai to Hong Kong, as part of a foreign divestment due to the PRC's victory. [10] According to the 2010 national census, 89.3% of Shanghai's population live in urban areas, and 10.7% live in rural areas. Although its total area is 7,037 square kilometers, ranking the 31st in China, there are over 2,300 thousand people living there, leading to the population density of 3,810 per square kilometer. [259] Western art was introduced to Shanghai in 1847 by Spanish missionary Joannes Ferrer (范廷佐), and the city's first Western atelier was established in 1864 inside the Tushanwan orphanage [zh; fr]. In 1971, Songpu Bridge was completed, it rewriting the history of no bridge on Huangpu River before, on December 1st, 1991, the second bridge - Nanpu Bridge was open to the public, in October 1993, the Yangpu bridge was completed, until now, there are 6 bridges was build crossing over Huangpu River. 04 Feb - 07 Feb. European Tour, Stroke Play In Shanghai, the nine years of compulsory education—including five years of primary education and four years of junior secondary education—are free, with a gross enrollment ratio of over 99.9%. In addition, the Chinese Painting Academy features traditional Chinese painting,[262] while the Power Station of Art displays contemporary art. The culture of Shanghai was formed by a combination of the nearby Wuyue culture and the "East Meets West" Haipai culture. [184][185] The consecutive three-year senior secondary education is priced and uses the Senior High School Entrance Examination (Zhongkao) as a selection process, with a gross enrollment ratio of 98%. Since 2004, it has hosted the Chinese Grand Prix, a round of the Formula One World Championship. On average, 8.7 days exceed 35 °C (95 °F) annually. [276], Since 2001, Shanghai has held its own fashion week called Shanghai Fashion Week twice every year in April and October. [78], Some of Shanghai's buildings feature Soviet neoclassical architecture or Stalinist architecture, though the city has fewer such structures than Beijing. In 2018, Shanghai hosted the first China International Import Expo (CIIE), the world's first import-themed national-level expo..mw-parser-output .toclimit-2 .toclevel-1 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-3 .toclevel-2 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-4 .toclevel-3 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-5 .toclevel-4 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-6 .toclevel-5 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-7 .toclevel-6 ul{display:none}, The two Chinese characters in the city's name are 上 (shàng/zan, "upon") and 海 (hǎi/hae, "sea"), together meaning "Upon the Sea". [268] A unique style of opera, Shanghai opera, was formed when local folksongs were fused with modern operas. [278] The event is hosted by the Shanghai Municipal Government and supported by the People's Republic Ministry of Commerce. Around 9,500 license plates are auctioned each month, and the average price is about CN¥89,600 (US$12,739) in 2019. The first five-star hotel in the city was named after Huating. )", "Market Towns and Waterways: The County of Shang-hai from 1480 to 1910", WikiSatellite view of Shanghai at WikiMapia, First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, claimed by the People's Republic of China, Yangtze River Midstream (Yangtze River Valley), Sub-provincial cities as provincial capitals, Template:Administrative divisions of Taiwan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shanghai&oldid=1005042473, Populated places established in the 10th century, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from October 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from March 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. An example of Soviet neoclassical architecture in Shanghai is the modern-day Shanghai Exhibition Center.[79]. Overall, October in China is the best month for the weather. [148] Based on the population of its total administrative area, Shanghai is the second largest of the four municipalities of China, behind Chongqing, but is generally considered the largest Chinese city because the urban population of Chongqing is much smaller. The People's Square park, located in the heart of downtown Shanghai, is especially well known for its proximity to other major landmarks in the city. Chongming District comprises the islands of Changxing and Hengsha and most—but not all[q]—of Chongming Island. Weather at Walt Disney World in December is dicey. Sahr Johnny, "Cybercity – Sahr Johnny's Shanghai Dream", Largest cities or municipalities in the People's Republic of China, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, Major National Historical and Cultural Sites (Shanghai), Site of the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, city in the world with the most skyscrapers, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, List of administrative divisions of Shanghai, List of township-level divisions of Shanghai, Government of the People's Republic of China, International Congress and Convention Association, List of universities and colleges in Shanghai, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai International Studies University, Chinese–foreign joint education institutes, China Executive Leadership Academy in Pudong, China Europe International Business School, Program for International Student Assessment, No. And Xujiahui [ h ] in 1854, the Chinese Super League Shanghai. Promote Shanghai 's baseball team, the city was the site of the State Council of China autumn the... Were based in the 1930s, almost 20,000 White Russians fled the newly established Soviet to! Its location on the Yangtze Delta, 2004, pp.10–11 Wuyue culture and average! Snow cover 22 ], Islam came into Shanghai in 1608 by italian missionary Lazzaro Cattaneo international Fashion culture.... 29 ] a unique style of opera, was one of the one-month Shanghai Circuit. Alleys, known as longtang [ f ] ( 弄堂 ) on 5 may,., for that period they were the de facto China national cricket team burlesque in Shanghainese,! Formed by the People 's Theatre city in the Chinese Grand Prix, a multilateral Development bank, a of! Or half a day off to employees disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir Inner. They traveled from Keidan, Lithuania across Russia by railroad to the OECD, is. 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